Xuan Yin & Marcel Xalabarder
Location: Badalona, Spain
Area: 1.41 ha
The regeneration of the coastal space of Barcelona and its metropolitan area has been one of the most paradigmatic recent urban transformations. The recovery of the maritime space has had effects on the qualification of the beaches and the construction of a new seafront, but it has also been notable in the improvement of the more inland urban tissues. In Badalona the recovery of the coastal space began in the 80s with the competition for the new Port, kicking off the progressive relocation of industries and large artifacts that had been placed in this privileged position following the trail of the train.
The Gorg sector, a name that alludes to the deltaic character of the mouth of the Besós, grew on the old agricultural traces opening streets to place new industries in a wide space of 2.5 x 0.8 km between the line of the train and the south façade of the Gran Via. In recent years, the project of the Forum of Cultures and the recovery of the Besós channel on the one hand and the current construction of the Port of Badalona project on the other, have created privileged conditions for a fabric that maintains the its productive character, with a strong commercial component in the field of Merca-China and a large hypermarket in the sector closest to the train. The decision to maintain the "three chimneys" of the old thermal power plant as an identity element of the metropolitan skyline also characterizes this sector that is still pending to resolve some variables around the large industrial facility.
The project proposes to discuss the regeneration of an area defined by Av. from the beach to the west, along the streets of Alfonso XII to the north (parallel to the Gran Via) and from Tortosa to the east (next to the new port) and along the dry track of the train on the coastal strip. Given the values of this industrial space, the ambition is to transform it with the introduction of new volumes and new mixed uses that respond to the true potential of this sector, rejecting any hypothesis of massive residential replacement and "tabula rasa". As the programmatic discussion is part of the exercise, an intensification similar to that of other areas of the city is imagined, taking as a reference the urban parameters of 22 @.
The first phase of intervention consists of the removal of those older buildings or in worse condition.
The new plan that emerged after the first intervention will present new spaces and new possibilities. The project will be divided into three parts, where the part central (industrial area) will be the part that will concentrate all the prominence of the project. All three projects will be carried out at the same time. At the limits is where new homes will be built in the neighborhood. There will be a new large space green / public, which will pick up the existing Besòs green satge step, and extend it, so that it arrives within the city. So the neighborhood urgently needs "to breathe". Finally, in the existing industrial area, a series of interventions will be carried out that will especially change the image and operation of the neighborhood.
This last phase will focus on the industrial area where a new "China Market" will be built, which will consist of a centralization of existing department stores, creating a more comfortable space, easier access. A new structure that would become a second street more comfort, raised that would serve as a connector between the towers that they will be built simultaneously. These towers would be divided into parts more dedicated to housing, and also office area, etc.